The basic elements of the costume
In the 14th century, the accounts of Edward III’s Great Gardener mention in detail several “combinations of clothing” or “costumes” – probably the first known use of this expression. These combinations were between three and six clothes.
Beginning in 1600, the ensemble made up of a curved jacket, known as the double, a breeches and stockings, was already a sort of costume, especially when it was only one color.
The idea of matching the mantle, waistcoat and panties were not established until the 1660s. In England, it was Charles II who introduced the costume, imitating the fashion created by the King of France Louis XIV.
Waistcoat and coat
Buttoned on the front, over its entire length, the waistcoat was the precursor of the current waistcoat although very often completed by sleeves until the 1750s.
Like the coat, which replaced the doublet, it was without the collar, descended to the knees and was ample. The cloak was ajar to reveal a part of the rich material of which the jacket was made; We often used a less expensive fabric for the back, hence the name of “cheat” attributed in the first place to the jacket.
In the 18th century, the fashionable man had court suits, formal and informal suits, but the main difference resided more in the fabric than in the cut, court costumes being generally made of silk or white velvet, Red, green or pink.
Beginning in the 1760s, in England and France, fashion shifted towards a simpler style of English inspiration, with dull tones on brown, blue or black, taking as models the clothes worn by the aristocracy for Outdoor activities.
In the second half of the century, the skirt of the mantle was reduced to give birth to the coat and jacket.
Around 1770, the cloak was surmounted by a small collar. In 1780, the waistcoat reached the waist level.
Since the earliest antiquity, the trousers are worn to protect themselves from the elements, during the journeys on horseback and during navigation.
In 1817, the trousers went down to the shoe and, in 1825, it was adopted as a reference daywear. It was associated in the daytime with a jacket and a frock coat with a large dress – appeared in the 1700s – but with a pie tail in the evening.
The preferred patterns for the pants were then solid plaids, stripes, and tiles. The ample tubular cut was created in the 1860s.
The trousers with the fold on the front appeared in the 1880s and were part in 1913 of the current wardrobe.
Jacket and tie
The jacket became a fashionable leisure garment only in the 1850s. First known as the jacket and then as the lounge jacket, his ancestor was the short suit jacket worn by young boys and workers .
In the age of mass production and the first ready-to-wear suits, the simpler structure of the jacket, more akin to the shape of a box, was easier to manufacture than the coat cut on measured.
In the 1860s, the lounge jacket was associated with pants of the same fabric whether plain, striped or checked. The salon costume was adopted as an informal daywear by the middle classes, eager to present themselves in a respectable aspect, but businessmen kept their frock-coats until the 1920s.
The ties, worn since the 1830s, made it possible to add a touch of color.
Short story of costume
This costume you put on every morning to get to work or the three piece suit you book for special occasions has a long and rich history behind it. With these facts, you will be provided with a large basic file for your own enjoyment or to share with friends.